At last count, there were roughly 150 known species alone, and the garden hybrids of those number in the thousands. Every year, new varieties are tested, and some are eventually introduced. A great resource for viewing roses is the Washington Park rose garden. It is actually one of several rose test gardens around the nation, and is home to some of the newest roses and also some of the oldest. Keep in mind that since these roses are being evaluated, not all may actually continue on to the retail market. And not all varieties are still available. Much like cars, roses are often “discontinued” in favor of newer models.



Climbing Roses


Arborose Quicksilver


Cloud 10


Crimson Sky


Fruity Petals

Golden Opportunity

Golden Showers


Purple Splash

Raspberry Cream Twirl

Red Eden

Sally Holmes

Smiley Face

Tropical Lightening

White Eden

Floribunda and Grandiflora


Angel Face


Burgundy Iceberg

Candy Cane Cocktail


Drop Dead Red

Easter Basket

Easy Does It

Easy Spirit

Ebb Tide


Frida Kahlo

George Burns


Hot Cocoa



Judy Garland

Julia Child

Julio Inglesias

Jump for Joy

Ketchup & Mustard

Lava Flow

Life of the Party

Marmalade Skies

Oh My

Passionate Kisses

Purple Tiger

Rainbow Sorbet

Rosie the Riveter


Silver Lining

Sun Sprite

Sunset Horizon


Veranda Cream

Veranda Roxanne

Veranda Sunbeam

Violet’s Pride

White Licorice


All American Magic

All Dressed Up

Anna’s Promise

Cherry Parfait

Dick Clark

Dream Come True

Fragrant Plum

Fun in the Sun

Gold Struck

Happy Go Lucky


Miss Congeniality

Queen Elizabeth

Radiant Perfume

Rock & Roll

Strike it Rich

Sweet Spirit

Twilight Zone

Hybrid Teas

Abbaye de Cluny

Apricots ‘n’ Cream

Barbra Streisand

Big Momma

California Dreaming

Centennial Star

Chicago Peace

Chrysler Imperial

Dark Night

Double Delight

Eleganza Oh Happy Day

Elizabeth Taylor

Enchanted Peace

Eternal Flame

Falling In Love

Fire ‘n’ Ice

First Prize

Fragrant Cloud

Fragrant Plum

Francis Meilland

Gina Lollobrigida

Girls Night Out

Good As Gold

Grande Dame


Henry Fonda


Hotel California

John F Kennedy

Lasting Love

Liv Tyler

Marilyn Monroe

Memorial Day


Midas Touch

Miss All American Beauty

Mister Lincoln


Neil Diamond

New Zealand


Opening Night

Over the Moon

Papa Meilland

Parfuma Bliss

Parfuma Earth Angel


Perfume Factory


Pope John Paul II

Pretty Lady Rose

Princess Charlene de Monoco

Smokin’ Hot

Queen Elizabeth

Rouge Royale


Secret’s Out

Smokin’ Hot

Stainless Steel

State of Grace

St. Patrick

Sugar Moon

The McCartney

Touch of Class

We Salute You

WWII Memorial

Yves Piaget

Drift, Miniature, Shrub


Apricot Drift

Popcorn Drift

Red Drift

White Drift


Sunblaze Autumn

Sunblaze Baby Paradise

Sunblaze Rainbow

Sunblaze Yellow


Double De Coubert


KnockOut Double Pink

KnockOut Double Red

KnockOut Petite

Linda Campbell

Purple Pavement

Therese Bugnet

Topaz Jewel

Patio Trees

Ebb Tide & Julia Child

Ebb Tide

Julia Child

Ketchup and Mustard

Lasting Love


Sugar Moon

Where to Plant

The planting site is one of the most crucial elements in successful rose growing. Roses need full sun! Some of the shrub roses aren’t as picky about this, but a successful rose garden starts with a sunny spot. Shade causes long, sprawling, floppy growth and invites disease.

The next element is soil. To start with, drainage is a must. Roses despise wet feet, and aren’t terribly fond of heavy clay. Roses are most successful in raised beds, as raised beds drain exceptionally well and tend to have better temperature properties than regular flat soil. The better the soil, the better the roses. If you can bring in new soil, like a sandy loam or other soil mix, you should consider doing it. Whatever soil you use should be high in organic material, fast draining, and close to a neutral pH. Clay can be used, but you must amend it with a lot of organic material. Lime generally needs to be added to counteract the acidity of our native soils. Roses love rich soil, so be sure to add quite a bit of organic material.

One of the best things we have found is composted steer manure, We like “Malibu Compost”. Mushroom compost doesn’t last long enough, but a heavier planting compost could be used. Try not to use a lot of bark around roses, it can have somewhat adverse effects over time. When you are ready to plant, pick a good planting site and fix it up as mentioned above.

Standard planting procedures apply, but there are a few things to keep in mind. It is beneficial to add a cup of lime when planting, as this will correct pH around the plant. Also, all hybrid roses will have a graft union towards the base of the plant, right above where the roots start to form. This union is easily recognized, it is generally swollen and looks like a knot. This union must remain above the soil level! This also includes any mulch that you put down: keep the graft union clear. Burying this will give you massive headaches and heartbreaks in the near future. You may also want to consider adding some mycorrhiza when you plant for added health.